The Sermon on the Mount Bible Study
Matthew Chapters 5-7
June 1, 2022 -
Lesson 1 - Introduction - June 1, 2022
The Sermon on the Mount is Jesus’ well-known sermon that He gave in Matthew Chapters 5-7. These three chapters, taken as a whole, offers a remarkable window into the One Who we Christians hold up as our standard for living. Matthew 5:1-2 gives the reason it is known the Sermon on the Mount: "Now when He saw the crowds, He went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to Him, and He began to teach them..." The Sermon on the Mount is the longest continued discourse of the Savior that we have on record in all the Gospels.
Lesson 2 - The Beatitudes - Matthew 5:1-12 - June 8, 2022
The word “beatitude” means a state of supreme happiness or blessedness. Found in Matthew 5, the“beatitudes” are a collection of statements from Jesus that show us how we can be “blessed” or “happy” in this life as well as the next. Jesus shared this wisdom during His Sermon on the Mount. It can’t be proven, but the “beatitudes” were a part of Jesus’ standard sermon. “The beatitudes are not words of advice. These are the words of life meant for all believers, at all times, and in all places.” (Jen Thorn, Christian author)
Jesus teaches us how the Kingdom of God works versus the ways and attitudes of the world. For example, the world teaches, “Blessed are the proud and the powerful,” but Jesus says, “Blessed are the meek and the humble.” 17th century puritan preacher and writer, Thomas Watson wrote, “Happiness is too delicate a plant to grow in this world’s soil.” We are so used to operating according to the world’s values that the beatitudes may seem almost impossible to live by. But as with all of Jesus’ teachings, faith and trust in God are the keys to successful and blessed living. Charles Spurgeon noted that the word, “blessed” is in the present tense in each one of Jesus’ statements; meaning they are to be enjoyed and delighted now. Jesus did not say “Blessed shall be,” He said, “Blessed are.”
Lesson 3 - Salt & Light - Matthew 5:113-16 - June 15, 2022
In the Beatitudes, Jesus taught about the character of individuals – “poor in spirit, meek, merciful,” and so on. Without referencing any of His listeners, Jesus spoke on the nature and temperament the believer should exhibit. Here, He taught a practical application of the principles that had been set forth in the Beatitudes. Jesus began to address His disciples who stood before Him. His subject goes from attributes to persons. Those humble men must have been startled to hear themselves being described in such exalted terms.
Jesus used the present tense, “you are” when He said, “You are the salt of the earth,” and “you are the light of the world.” These two words, salt and light, are what Jesus called His disciples to be. These are not things we desire or hope to be; this is what He declares us to be as His disciples. Salt and light are the essences of what it means to be a disciple. These two qualities are the very heart of what it means to follow Jesus. This lesson will break down what Jesus had in mind when He compared us to salt and light. To follow Jesus is to become like Jesus. To become like Jesus is to serve others and to love our neighbors like ourselves. Molding ourselves into the image of Jesus is the goal for all disciples. Jesus gave Christians both a great compliment, as well as a great responsibility, in His salt and light analogy. John 8:12 and John 9:5, He even used the title as “light” to describe Himself.
Lesson 4 -